A Decal is any image that is meant to be transferred to another surface. This is why they are often referred to as “transfers”. A simple definition, but WOW, how many kinds of decals there are !!
It’s probably easiest to divide all the decals there are into 2 categories: Fired and Non-Fired. I’m a fired expert, so I’ll have a lot to say about Fired Decals. However, for thoroughness, I will include many of the Non-Fired kinds as well.
"Ice/Crystal" Decals - aka. Ice Effect Decals and Sugar Crystal Decals. These are an embellishment that is added over top of a regular decal and which is fired at the same time as the regular decal is being fired. The effect is that of ice, namely, heavily textured, smooth, and clear. Note: These decals do not have any color and so should therefore always be used in combination with a regular decal. Note: These must be fired FLAT. If you fire "Ice" on a vertical surface, it will slide off.
- aka. Ice Effect Decals and Sugar Crystal Decals. These are an embellishment that is added over top of a regular decal and which is fired at the same time as the regular decal is being fired. The effect is that of ice, namely, heavily textured, smooth, and clear. Note: These decals do not have any color and so should therefore always be used in combination with a regular decal. Note: These must be fired FLAT. If you fire "Ice" on a vertical surface, it will slide off.
Non-Waterslide Decals – All
of the above are “waterslide decals”, that is, you must soak them in water
before you can apply them. There are 2 other kinds of Fired Decals that are
made to be applied without using water. These are: Varnish
Reprinted with permission.
Ceramic decals have been available for many years and are a unique and valuable resource that can help creativity expand, promote experimentation, and reach for new possibilities. And for a studio, they can add to the bottom line and give businesses a competitive edge by providing additional services and new products to enthuse their clients.
In the past, however, open stock fired-on decals have been limited to either glass or ceramic. Each type of decals uses a different color palette and thus a different firing temperature. Now there is a new option, one that gives business owners more flexibility and choice than ever before – ORGANIC low-temperature decals. The new low-temperature application process opens up new avenues of creativity for decorators and artists, while helping studios meet the challenges of competing in today’s often difficult marketplace.
Low-temperature decals are available in a vast selection of attractive and intricate designs, and offer ways to provide design-driven products that satisfy all the requirements of a demanding clientele.
Just as with glass and ceramic decals, low-temperature decals can be used on glass lampshades, ceramic and glass lamp bases, giftware, jewelry, ceramic tile, kitchen utility ware, ceramic mugs and other collectibles. And thanks to the inherent advantage of low-temperature application, they’re also ideal for other items, such as candles, soap, wood, plastic, metal, vinyl, acrylics, or polished stone.
Low-temperature decals are applied the same way as other water-slide decals, however, after a drying time of 24 hours, the covercoat can be literally peeled off. That’s a big deal. But an even bigger deal is that, as an option, the decorated object can then be heat-cured at 300 to 320 degrees Fahrenheit for 20 minutes. The heat curing adds integrity to the design adherence and helps provide dishwasher resistance. (Low-temperature decals, however, are not intended for repeated dishwasher exposure.)
ORGANIC low-temperature decals are totally lead-free thus eliminating FDA and Proposition 65 concerns, and making them an environmentally sound alternative for decorating glass, ceramics and other materials. Another great benefit of low-temperature decals is the wide range of colors available. By using proprietary colors, the process is able to print bright purples and pinks, which are very difficult -- and in some cases impossible -- to reproduce using the conventional glass and ceramic color processes.
Other benefits include lower energy bills (you don’t need a kiln to decorate product), plus the ability to use one type of decal on a variety of products and surfaces.
Did we mention that this product is also the much sought-after answer for retro-decorating? Now you can decorate kitchens and bathrooms without removing and remounting existing tiles and plaster and wood. What could you do with that kind of decal?